Seasonal Affective Disorder: Tips on How to Overcome

Seasonal Affective Disorder: Tips on How to Overcome

By lowpriectoday

If you’re reading this in the Northern part of the USA, you have a 10% chance of experiencing Seasonal Affective Disorder, while those living in Florida have only a 2% likelihood. The star that lights the day so brightly in the summer and melts the snow in the spring seems missed in the winter. As the days grow shorter, our body’s need for light remains unchanged.


Wherever you live, the sun is the sustaining star we depend on to survive. For some, lessening light in the winter means sleeping, overeating, and experiencing depression. If this describes your situation, you may be a victim of Seasonal Affective Disorder, commonly referred to as cabin fever.


Some may require the assistance of a mental health professional, while others can take self-help steps to feel better. This article will discuss seasonal affective disorder (SAD), its causes, and what you can do about it.

What is SAD?

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a mood disorder recognized by the mental health profession as a form of depression affecting people between late fall and early spring. Approximately 3% of these cases are an extension of a major depressive disorder and require the help of a licensed mental health care provider.


An estimated 15% to 25% of people do not experience symptoms as severe as a depressive disorder but live with a more mild form during the winter months. This article is provided to assist those with this more seasonal form.

What causes SAD?

Sadness is believed to be associated with a lower amount of sunlight received in winter months, creating lower moods and gloominess in some people. When the body gets less sunlight during winter, lower levels of the hormone melatonin are produced. These lower levels are believed to increase the tendency for people with SAD to sleep longer.


Another potential cause of SAD is the delay of circadian rhythms. When winter’s shorter days affect this daily activity cycle, mood can be affected negatively.


Those who have a habit of thinking negatively throughout the year are more likely to develop SAD, as clinical research shows these people can be predisposed to SAD. Prolonged worrying and thinking about things over and over again can also find one struggling with SAD in the winter months.


3 Ways to Manage SAD

In this section, we will consider three ways to manage symptoms of SAD, including SSRIs, circumstantial over-the-counter medications, and bright light therapy.



Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are considered the best medication option available for SAD sufferers. You have probably seen this drug advertised for those suffering from depression with the admonition to “See your doctor” along with an extensive list of possible side effects. This makes sense, as SAD is a type of depression. Still, most of those suffering from SAD probably don’t need this solution with its side effects of suicidality, nausea, headache, weight gain, insomnia, nervousness, and anxiety, just to name a few. If the other options below bring no relief, you should discuss your case with a licensed mental health professional who can help you figure out what you need from a clinical standpoint.

Circumstantial Counter medications

These substances include Tryptophan, an amino acid, and St. John’s Wort, derived from a plant species. The “circumstantial” in the headline comes first since sometimes they work and often don’t. You must be very careful about reading the label for side effects, as well as checking with your doctor or pharmacist about combining any of these substances with your current medications.


If you decide to try Tryptophan, check the ingredients on the label. Although Tryptophan is a naturally occurring amino acid, most manufacturers add other vitamins and minerals and may also include preservatives and fillers.


If you try St. John’s Wort, be advised that the active ingredients typically include extracts from the Hypericum plant and pseudohypericin. Web MD found that the amount of these active ingredients varies widely, so consider this factor. Like the additives in Tryptophan, compare products between suppliers as ingredients may vary.

Bright Light Therapy

Saving what might be the best for last is the possibility of sitting before a bright light in the morning. By simulating summertime conditions, your body can be tricked and act as if summer never faded.


This type of therapy boasts over 100 clinical studies and counting. It seems to produce great results; however, researchers struggle to develop definitive research methods. They are unsure how much difference the treatment makes between people who get the complete treatment and those who receive less light. Participants know whether or not they are receiving a low or a higher level of light, so there is no trustworthy placebo like a typical clinical trial for a drug. Some researchers believe even the lower light condition may have a positive effect.


You can find a reputable company like Amazon to purchase a Light Therapy Box or Light Therapy Lamp online. Typically costing around a couple hundred dollars, this product may be an excellent place to experiment without using medications. However, you still have to be aware of side effects. Common issues include feeling jittery after use or experiencing headaches.


Timing is the key. Research shows that the best time to be in front of the lightbox is between 6:30 am and 8:30 am under a specialized light showering 3000 lux or LEDs in the 450-480 nm range. Thirty minutes is the minimum time one needs to spend to produce an effect, and between 60 and 120 minutes is expected. It makes sense to begin with a half hour and gradually increase your exposure.


Suppose none of these suggestions reduce your symptoms; seeking professional help is best. Life is too short not to live as well in the winter as in the summer. Please don’t sit on the sidelines and think about how you’re feeling, as depressive feelings often find us idle. Take action. The very act of moving forward frequently means you are well on your way to healing.